Addiction has long been viewed as a voluntary problem, as a negative stigma about this disease has persisted throughout decades. While there are still too many people to count who feel as though addiction is a choice, more and more people are realizing that it is not. In fact, the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) calls addiction a “primary, chronic disease of the brain, reward, motivation, memory, related circuitry”. And now that more of the general public is understanding addiction for what it is, the demand for treatment of this disease is greater than ever before.
The most common form of addiction treatment, by far, is inpatient treatment. Also known as residential treatment, inpatient treatment requires the individual to reside at the facility until his or her care is complete. Usually lasting anywhere from 28 -90 days, this form of treatment has been known for helping individuals overcome their addictions.
In today’s society, the kinds of substances that flood the streets are extremely dangerous. With many of these substances being manmade, it is impossible to determine just what ingredients are mixed with drugs such as ecstasy, ketamine, and GHB. These substances, which are all popular designer drugs, can produce severe effects to one’s mind and body and can lead to an untimely death when abused.
According to the Global Information Network About Drugs (GINAD), designer drugs are most commonly abused by people between 21 and 30 years of age. Additionally, in the first four months of 2011, there were 1,782 calls to poison control centers in the United States in reference to the designer drug bath salts. In the prior year, only 302 calls about this drug were made in total. Since then, more designer drugs have been developed, and more individuals are using them recreationally.
Anxiety disorders are some of the most common mental health conditions in the world, with millions of people diagnosed with it in the United States alone. In fact, almost anyone who you ask either has an anxiety disorder or knows someone with one, as it is that pervasive.
This type of mental health condition is often very misunderstood, as those who do not have it or are uneducated about how and why it occurs often find it difficult to understand why an individual can’t just “relax”. Sadly, this kind of thought process adds to the stigma that those who have anxiety disorders overreact or are in some way weak-minded.
However, the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) has listed several different facts about anxiety disorders on their website that help shed light on this condition. Some of these facts include the following:
- Anxiety disorders are present in 40 million adults (ages 18 and older) in the United States, which breaks down to 18.1% of the population
- Even though anxiety disorders can be easily treated, only 36.9% of individuals with an anxiety disorder get treated
- Someone with an anxiety disorder is three to five times more likely to go to the doctor, as well as six times more likely to be placed in the hospital due to a psychiatric disorder than individuals who do not have anxiety disorders
- Anxiety disorders develop because of a number of factors, such as genetics, environment, life events, and brain chemistry
Kinds of Anxiety Disorders
There are several different kinds of anxiety disorders that impact people throughout the world.
Barbiturates are not nearly as common as other substances of abuse such as prescription painkillers, heroin, cocaine, or alcohol, however, they are still in circulation and can be extremely dangerous when abused.
Previously used by medical professionals, barbiturates were prescribed to help treat sleep disorders and anxiety. These sedative-hypnotic medications, which include Seconal, Luminal, and Nembutal, were more popular in the 1960’s and 1970’s, however, are rarely used in medicine today. Unfortunately, these medications are still easily accessible to the public and those who crave their many mind-altering effects.
When barbiturates enter the system, an individual’s brain will become affected almost immediately. GABA, a neurotransmitter in the brain, will be activated, however, due to the activation, other areas of the brain shut down, leading to feelings of sedation and poor function. Sadly, even minimal use of barbiturates can lead to coma and potentially even death.